Space and Time Management
(Avoiding Rear-end Collisions)
The rear-end collision is the most common type of automobile crash, accounting for approximately 29% of all crashes. (NHTSA, 2017) (Source:) In addition, almost 87% were caused from drivers not paying adequate attention to the road. It is your responsibility as a driver to be constantly aware of your surroundings and of the other drivers that share the road with you
When you are driving, the one space that you can completely control is the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you. This distance is known as your “safety zone”.
Remember these guidelines to help avoid becoming the next statistic.
- Identify factors that cause rear-end collisions:
- Stopped at a stop light or stop sign.
- Waiting to make a left turn.
- Waiting to cross over a divided highway.
- Waiting at or approaching an intersection.
- Entering or exiting a controlled highway.
- Whenever you are slowing or stopped.
- Tips that can help you from hitting others from behind:
- Assess the amount of space needed surrounding your vehicle by using the “three second rule” (regardless of your current rate of speed allow three (3) seconds of space to pass between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you). As driving conditions deteriorate, add one second of space for each hazard you encounter.
- Utilize the “Rear Tire Concept” by making sure that you can always see the rear tires of the vehicle in front of you.
- Adjust your following distance when needed.
- Stay alert and don’t be distracted.
- Brake early.
- Protect yourself from being on the receiving end of a rear-end collision by:
- Avoiding tailgaters.
- Always make yourself visible to other drivers.
- if you encounter a tailgater, slow down gradually and if the tailgater doesn’t move, change lanes slowly.
By Renee Hudson, Loss Prevention Consultant